Posts filed under ‘News’

Refugee & IDP:Facts And Statistics

This article will look at Refugees and IDPS worldwide statistics and facts,causes, reasons, and definitions. I created this to try to give as in depth of a look at the issues as I could without forcing the reader to feel as though they are reading a books worth of information. That being said I will write more in depth articles in the future.

What is a refugee?
The term refugee, like the people it describes covers a lot of ground, people define this word differently from politicians, the press, and aids workers and anyone in between. The rights of refugees, and the responsibility of the worlwide community is another topic frequently up for debate.What is a refugee?The official definition as set by the United Nations High Commissioner For Refugees (UNHCR) describes a refugee as an individual who is:
“Owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable or — unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country.”
The definition of a refugee was later expanded in 1967 to include people who fled from war or other violences in the country. The majority of refugees who leave their country often seek asylums in countries neighboring their country of nationality.
Refugee Facts And Statistics:
The total number worldwide is a hard number to know but The U.S Committee for refuges gives the world total of  as 62,000,000 (62 million), and estimates that 34,000,000 (34 million) of those were displaced due to war.
What is an Internally Displaced Person (IDP)?
An internally displaced person (IDP) is an individual who like a refugee is fleeing from persecution or violence, but the difference is they stay in their country of nationality.
IDP Facts And Statistics:
Know one could know the exact number but it is estimated that there is around 25 million in 52 countries. Note that this number does not factor into the number of refugees.Africa has 11.8 million IDPs in 21 countries.
List Of Countries With A Considerable Amount Of IDPs:
Sudan: 5-6 million
Iraq: Over 2.5 million
Colombia: 2-3 million
The Democratic Republic of Congo: 1.5 million
Pakistan: 1 Million
Azerbaijan: 1,000,000
Uganda: 869,000
Cote d’Ivoire: 709,000
India: 600,000
Burma (Myanmar): 503,000
Zimbabwe: 560,000-960,000
The Philippines: 300,000
Kenya: 250,000-400,000
Sri Lanka: 250,000-300,000
Serbia: over 225,000
Georgia: 220,000-300,000
Cyprus: 210,000
Indonesia: 200,000-350,000
Ethiopia: 200,000
Israel: 150,000-420,000
  • Gaza and the West Bank: 2 million

The Central African Republic: 197,000
Chad: 178,000
Afghanistan: 132,000-200,000

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September 23, 2010 at 1:11 pm Leave a comment

Albinos hunted for body parts in Africa

Life in Sub-Saharan Africa isn’t easy on anyone especially if you have albinism. In Africa 1 in 3,000 people have albinism, which is the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes, skin and hair. People with this condition are predisposed to severe sun burns and often die of skin cancer before their 30th birthday. However for years the weather has been the least of their problems, many in Sub-Saharan Africa believe that people with this condition have magical powers making them a target. Those with albinism are being hunting for their limbs,bones,blood and hair which are then sold on the black market by witch doctors for the purposes of creating potions that are promised to make people rich. It is now common practice to pile rocks on the graves of those with albinism to deter grave robbers.

On the black market a limb of an albino can bring anywhere from $500 to $2000 (USD) in a country where the per capita income is only $450 a year this business could make one a macabre fortune. The attacks are often carried out with machetes left over from wars, only two people were known to have survived these gruesome attacks in Tanzania.

This year in Tanzania alone 19 albinos, including young children have been mutilated or killed, increasing violence has caused thousands of albinos living in the area to live in fear. This violence has prompted the Tanzanian government to mobilize in order to protect their albino population. Police officers are making a list of albinos in every corner of the country in order to better look after them, they have even begun escorting children to school. Many have fled towns and cities and made their homes on the remote island of Ukerewe where they can live in relative safety. This island is believed to have the highest concentration of albinos, or zeru as they are called in Africa, in the world. At least 10,000 people have been displaced or have had to go into hiding since the killings started. 54 people in Tanzania have been murdered since 2007, and perhaps dozens more have been injured, the violence continues to increase.

September 23, 2010 at 1:05 pm Leave a comment


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